(End of 2018)
Cyprus - discover a diverse and beautiful country
Cyprus is the third largest and third most populous island in the Mediterranean and is one of the most popular tourist destinations with sunny weather all year round. Cyprus abounds with unspoiled natural beauty with a coastline dotted with attractive beaches, crystalline bays, rugged limestone cliffs, and further inland resides the Troodos Mountains and dense forests.
Originally settled by Mycenaean Greeks, Cyprus history and heritage is accessible through rich and significant archaeological ruins, historical monuments and ornate churches.
Location and climate of Cyprus
Cyprus - the island of sunshine all year-round
Located in the Eastern Mediterranean, Cyprus is surrounding by Greece to the west, Turkey to the north, Lebanon and Syria to the east, and Israel and Egypt to the south. Geographically the island is part of the Middle East, but with strong ties with Europe, it is considered a part of west Europe.
Known for its hot summers and mild winters, Cyprus receives more than 300 days of sunshine annually. It has a Mediterranean climate along the coast and semi-arid climate around the capital Nicosia located centrally, with long, hot and dry summers. Winters are relatively mild with some rain between December and February. Its pleasant Mediterranean climate means the tourism season is greatly extended where its common to see people swim in the crytsal-clear waters well into October and enjoying the great outdoors all year around. In the quieter winter months, the climate provides the ideal time to explore and indulge in the rich variety of ancient sites rather than lazing by the pool.
Cyprus history and culture
Cyprus - attractive and strategically important
Despite its relative size, Cyprus has one of the oldest recorded histories in the world. Some of the first signs of ancient civilisation on the island date as far back as 11000BC when hunter-gatherers arrived by boat from the Near East. Its location and strategic importance made it a stepping stone between east and west, and made it an attractive location for a number of nations who conquered it over the years. The islands rich natural resources attracted the interest of a succession of dominant powers including Achaean Greeks, Phoenicians, the Assyrians, Egyptians, Persians and Romans. Monuments and archaeological ruins are testament to the rich history of Cyprus.
The population is mainly Greek (78%) and Turkish (18%) and across the entire island, Cypriots are friendly, hospitable and predominantly speak English. With one of the lowest crime rates in Europe, it is an attractive destination for tourism, business and investors. The local cuisine is admired and preferred by many cultures, and it’s never difficult to find a local tavern serving delicious mezedes, a favourite starter dish for both locals and tourists.
Cyprus legal system
Cyprus legal system largely based on English common law
After gaining independence from Britain, The Republic of Cyprus was established in 1960. The system of government is presidential, with a separation of executive and legislative powers. The president is elected by popular vote for a five-year term and is aided by an appointed council of ministers. Legislative authority is exercised by the House of Representatives, with members elected every five years.
The judicial system is heavily based on English common law. It is presided over by the supreme court, which is a separate and independent body. The supreme court is the final court of appeal and also rules on constitutional issues.
Cyprus infrastructure and transport
Cyprus - well connected
Each of the main cities and towns throughout all regions of Cyprus are well connected with a modern road network. Deep sea port facilities handle both passenger and freight cargo and the two international airports in Larnaca and Paphos handle millions of passengers annually, making transport and travel through and beyond Cyprus both fast and efficient.
Considerable investment has been made into transforming the island into a major telecommunications hub in the region, through an extensive cable and satellite network.